Tuesday, September 6, 2011

Vet the Serpent. NChSh. What is Evil? Literalism Leads Nowhere

I. NChSh.
The Hebrew "Serpent"
What was it, really?
 The Sound and Nature of Evil
NChSh.   Not a warning hiss, but a soothing sound.

II.  Was the Serpent Evil?
Is Evil at work in 9/11?  
Not according to our own religious traditions.

And not according to our own operatives:  Does this agent agree? He says there was advance actionable knowledge, that our persons in charge should have seen.  It was not hidden. See http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/12/us/12agent.html?_r=1&scp=1&sq=high%20level%20dysfunction&st=cse What was hidden was the course of our own incompetence leading up, and after.

Compare Eden's evil:  no defense. No warning. A set-up, and a fraud against the one led.

 I.  Vet evil in the form of the serpent.
 II.  Tthe word itself, in the Hebrew, for the serpent.  "Subtil".  What would have been understood by those at the time.  It is a complex, many-faceted concept.  Was Jerome's Latin ignored by those later?
III.  Linguistics as to serpent:  NChSh

I.  Vet the serpent.  What is "evil."

Evil is subtle, insinuating, deceiving, practised. Hiding from the light. Persuasion unawares. Manipulation that the object does not even realize until too late. Nine-eleven was overt, blatant, with reason in the view of the actors - get out of our lands.  We refused, and still refuse.  Are they evil?  Are we? What does "evil" mean.

Perhaps the Serpent was just better at getting an agenda accomplished, than the Deity. Was the Deity perfect? Was Creation perfect ?  Check it out. How does any person arrive at a "word of deity" without using form criticism, text resources.  Are we to swallow what is parroted to us? Is the real evil the exploitation of the ignorant, including all who must respond without the facts, see this issue updated at http://www.deathandtaxesmag.com/140998/paul-krugman-is-right-about-911s-other-symbolic-hijacking/

What do original words mean; what is the complex of ideas surrounding similar sounding words.  Does that affect whether we decide whether modern events are "evil" -- with no legal punishment, but a great deal of emotional surging and fear; or criminal -- with procedures and consequences
  • If we say that 9/11 was evil, and we also say that the serpent in paradise-garden was evil, then 9/11 was not.  Nine-eleven was obvious, a clarion response to invasion of lands, nothing subtil about it.  Check out Eden and decide.  What better might describe 9/11  than "evil". 
  • Evil is a moral term, religiously referenced, excluding any outside the belief system.  NIne-eleven was overt, planned, clear agenda to get us out of their lands, nothing subtil about it.  Why do we call it evil, as a political-religious act of retribution; when our own "biblical" evil, stemming as we think from Eden's tale, also was not "evil."
  • Check the sources. 
  • What was the penalty for deceiving innocent Eve? Not much. Lose legs, but do fine.  Even better than the Newt.
Serpent without legs - wound in the tree

    A.  Setting.

    This entity we call "serpent" in Paradise-the Garden. Who-what-why-how, and from where? Could the deity not control the borders? Why wasn't Eve informed of the interloper? Was the deity inept and did not know what came in? Everything was supposed to be "good."  Who made the "evil" serpent? Who gave Eve a GPS to tell her where the relevant tree was:  the Adm, the androgyne generic "human"  before the separating out, was the one who was clearly told.

    But Adam the separated male apparently stood by while she, the curious one, had not been told by the deity anything; so why not have a bite and share (with the one who stood by to  see what might happen first).  Eden.  Wonderful.  Who was this serpent? Literalists say it was a snake and she disobeyed and did what the snake said, and bad on her.

    B. Find out.

    What was the serpent? Was it a "snake?"  Is there meaning in the tale far beyond any attempt to craft a literal linear story time frame. Do literalists have a leg to stand on when it comes to the serpenteries of life.


    II.  The meaning of the Hebrew word for serpent:  NChSh.

    A.  Resources for vetting any scripture

    Translations, transliterations, expositions.  Look up any term in old Biblical texts.  Start with existing translations and find the variations in interpretations in narrative. As a start:

    B.   Do translations vary as to the "serpent."

    If so, how?  Is the serpent necessarily evil, or was that chosen out of many. Go to hebrewoldtestament.com at http://www.hebrewoldtestament.com/B01C003.htm That will give many different parallel translations. For Genesis 3:1, find words for "serpent".
    •  Initial issues.
    The initial Hebrew and Paleo-Hebrew are difficult, as unfamiliar as they are. For non-scholars, as we are, start with a configuration that makes some sense visually and follow it through. If that does not work, go back and try another configuration.  Hebrew goes from right to left, down to up. 
      • First off, notice that even basic concepts vary.  
      • Translators make subjective choices. 
      • Some versions (the Latin Vulgate and later Roman Catholic) describe the place as paradise; the others describe it as the garden. If "paradise" is a theological term, is Genesis the place for it?
      • Difference? If the same, why not keep it as garden? 
      • Translations always involve a subjective choice by the translator, an agenda, a change in emphasis that somebody adds or subtly subtracts. 
      • Also, there are no vowels in Hebrew.  
      • We have no idea directly how words sounded, and the sound changes the meaning. NChSh. Nachush? What? Nichash? Etc.  Keep those sounds in mind.

    D.  Do translations vary as to the nature of the serpent as " Subtil."

    Most of us may remember that the serpent was "subtil."  What is that. Go to a good site for linguistics:  Online Etymology Dictionary at http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=subtil&searchmode=none

    a. Subtil -- using old linguistic references

    Here is a fair use reference, not a quote because we have changed the abbreviations to full words.  See the linguistic roots -- humans have dealt with the subtil for millenia.

    Go to the site referenced by the little book symbols for more detail.
    • subtile late 14c., "clever, dexterous," from Old French (14c.), from Latin subtilis "fine, thin, delicate" (see subtle). 
    • A Latinized refashioning of the French source of subtle. 
    • sly c.1200,from Old Norse "sloegr "cunning, crafty, sly," from Proto-Germanic. *slogis (cf. Low German slu "cunning, sly"), probably from base *slog- "hit" (see slay), with an original notion of "able to hit." 
    • Compare to the German verschlagen "cunning, crafty, sly," schlagfertig "quick-witted," lit. "ready to strike," from schlagen "to strike." 
    • A non-pejorative use of the word lingered in northern English dialect until the 20th Century. 
    • On the sly "in secret" is recorded from 1812. Sly-boots "a seeming Silly, but subtil Fellow" is in the 1700 "Dictionary of the Canting Crew."
     So, subtle is many things, but not overt, not obvious. Evil, if we think of "evil" in the paradise, the garden, is nothing overt.  It sneaks.

     9/11.  Overt, Planned, Executed agenda.  Not "subtil"

    b.  Subtil  - why did Jerome use "callidior" instead of subtilia? Because he meant what he said -- erat callidior, and not "subtle"
    •  "Subtle" in English translates to "subtilia" in Latin - see http://translate.google.com/#en|la|subtle,so what is Latin "subtilia" and why did Jerome not translate "subtil" from subtilia.  No, he used something else:  callidior.
    • We have to ask St. Jerome who translated the description as serpent "erat callidior."
    Jerome used the Latin "callidior" and we get from there, somehow, "subtle".  But what is "callidior"? Why not use its meaning?

    Callidior-- the term used by St. Jerome.  See #4 below.  Erat callidior.  Serpent was -- erat -- callidior.  Look it up.  No result found at all at http://www.wikiled.com/latin-english-callidior-Default.aspx.  There is no result for "callidior" at http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/resolveform?type=begin&lookup=callidior&lang=la

      • Now we have something:  the root is "callidus".
    Go deeper into the perseus site and find this:  callidus means practised, shrewd, expert, experienced, adroit, skilful, ingenious, prudent, dexterous
    (Show lexicon entry in Lewis & Short Elem. Lewis) (search)
    c.  Significance

    Translators who did not translate callidior are inserting their own theology into Jerome's word.  The word is not "subtle."  The word means experienced, adroit, skilful, ingenious, prudent, dexterous.  In other words, superior in getting a job done.  What chance did Eve have?

    II.  Is this so:  That in Eden, there was nothing "evil" there

    The serpent was just "practised, shrewd, expert, experienced, adroit, skilful, ingenious, prudent, dexterous."  Snuck his agenda by. Got through the borders.  The deity was negligent, Eve was never warned, and Adam kept his mouth shut and watched.

    Our own politicians are that, controlling our media and our views.

    No wonder Eve fell for it. Doesn't she always?  And isn't she always blamed for falling for the one with the practise, the shrewdness, the expertise, the experience, etc. 
    9/11.  Get out of our lands. Have we? Political force as last resort, or "evil" against righteous us?

    Literalists: So far we have no basis for "evil" as to the serpent.

    The serpent represents the usual exploitation, pressing for agenda.  Whoever falls for it, great. There, however, the serpent got punished by losing legs.  Now, not so much.  Propaganda wins.

    So "callidior" means more than sneaky, "subtle."  It is a barrage of tactics.  How to defend against sneaks with expertoise?  That takes, for the Eve's of the world, clear information, practise, transparency, warning, education.  Otherwise the sneak wins. The sly wins. The adroit against her.

    III.  Genesis 3:1  Linguistic researching for Serpent: and "subtil"

    A.  Serpent. Subtle.

    The noun and the adjective appear that way everywhere except in the Basic English Bible, where the serpent becomes more limited: a snake.  How could that be, when the snake only emerged after it lost its legs? And how is it described in the old texts?  Find variations on the Latin "erat callidior" or subtle, in most.

    1.Hebrew:  תאכלו
    2. Paleo Hebrew:

    3. Hebrew Transliterated: VHNChSh.  What is the VH?  [not sure here yet] as to the subtil part: perhaps  HYH 'yUrVM MKL 

    4. Latin Vulgate: serpens [St. Jerome]  "erat callidior" for "was more subtil"

    5. King James:  serpent [Protestant]    was more subtil 

    6. American Standard: serpent     was more subtle

    7. Basic English: snake (a change!)   was wiser (what? wiser??)

    8. Darby's English:  serpent (back we go)   was more crafty 

    9. Douay Rheims:  serpent [Roman Catholic]   was more subtle

    10. Noah Webster Bible: serpent   was more subtil

    11. World English Bible: serpent    was more subtle

    12. Young's Literal Translation:  serpent   hath been subtile

    B. Check later verses where serpent appears to see if we ever find "snake".  No, we don't, except for "snake" continuing in the Basic English version.  Do serpent and snake mean the same thing.

    9/11.  We were warned. 

    No.  Anyone who substitutes "snake" for "serpent" is expressing an agenda.

    Go to eliyah.com's lexicon, the word list for each usage,  at  http://www.eliyah.com/lexicon.html.   Serpent and snake are not the same. 

    1. At the Lexicon, type in "snake" (we like the King James so stick with that for now). No, no matches.  No "snake" in the King James.

    2.   Type in "serpent" in the Strong's Concordance line.  That finds all the serpents there are.  Find 40 uses of "serpent" in 36 different verses in the King James.  And each is laid out.

    3.  Go back to the search page, and this time, type in "serpent" in the Strong's Lexicon space.

    That finds all the meanings for serpent, for all those 40 uses from the Concordance. Find some 19 different ways that serpent is used - each one given its own number, so you can look up the numbers to find which is meant for the verse you want.  http://www.eliyah.com/cgi-bin/strongs.cgi?file=hebrewlexicon&isindex=serpent

    C.  Listed:  Find words for snake. See fair use.

    We think we want something like the VHNChSh or NChSh, from IA3 above. That is the Hebrew for the serpent in the paradise-garden. So:  check the list in the Lexicon. Two come closest: referring to the word identification numbers in the Strong's system,

    • 660 'eph`eh ef-eh' from 659 (in the sense of hissing); an asp or other venomous serpent:--viper.
    Now, how does anybody get hissing from eph eh ef eh.   It could well have been a dragon, not a legged snake.  We are obsessed with proving it to be a snake, is that so?

    5.  The words for serpent.

    See their numbers for researching further: take your time here.  There are many of them. Sound out each one, to see the difficulty in pronouncing an alphabet without vowels. These are the Strong's identification numbers.  Each can be easily researched for each time they are used.

    • 1281 bariyach baw-ree'-akh or (shortened) bariach {baw-ree'-akh}; from 1272; a fugitive, i.e. the serpent (as fleeing), and the constellation by that name:--crooked, noble, piercing.
    • 2119 zachal zaw-khal' a primitive root; to crawl; by implication, to fear:--be afraid, serpent, worm.
    We know that fear of snakes ensued.  See http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2001/10/1004_snakefears_2.html.  Enmity. The Prequel.
    • 2120 Zocheleth zo-kheh'-leth feminine active participle of 2119; crawling (i.e. serpent); Zocheleth, a boundary stone in. Palestine:--Zoheleth.
    • 2352 chuwr khoor or (shortened) chur {khoor}; from an unused root probably meaning to bore; the crevice of a serpent; the cell of a prison:--hole. 3882 livyathan liv-yaw-thawn' from 3867; a wreathed animal, i.e. a serpent (especially the crocodile or some other large sea- monster); figuratively, the constellation of the dragon; also as a symbol of Bab.:--leviathan, mourning.
    • 3975 muwrah meh-oo-raw' feminine passive participle of 215; something lighted, i.e. an aperture; by implication, a crevice or hole (of a serpent):--den. 4846 mrorah mer-o-raw' or mrowrah {mer-o-raw'}; from 4843; properly, bitterness; concretely, a bitter thing; specifically bile; also venom (of a serpent):--bitter (thing), gall.
    These are looking very close to the NChSh.  See how the context gets fleshed out with all these concepts --
    • 5153 nachuwsh naw-khoosh' (emphasis and asterisk added) apparently passive participle of 5172 * FN 1  (perhaps in the sense of ringing, i.e. bell-metal; or from the red color of the throat of a serpent (5175, as denominative) when hissing); coppery, i.e. (figuratively) hard:--of brass.
    • 5175 nachash naw-khawsh' (emphasis and asterisk added) from 5172 *; a snake (from its hiss):--serpent
    • 5180 Nchushtan nekh-oosh-tawn' from 5178; something made of copper, i.e. the copper serpent of the Desert:--Nehushtan. 5391 nashak naw-shak' a primitive root; to strike with a sting (as a serpent); figuratively, to oppress with interest on a loan:--bite, lend upon usury.
    • 5904 `Iyr Nachash eer naw-khawsh' from 5892 and 5175; city of a serpent; Ir-Nachash, a place in Palestine:--Ir-nahash.
    As to #5904, more questions.  Research the places referenced:  where was the serpent from, where did it go, or is there the place itself that is serpentine?
      •  Place in Palestine:  does that mean the serpent is an alien, an immigrant, a foreigner? Was it from Ir-Nachash, that so far we find only as a street in Israel, see http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&tab=wl
      •  Israel's fair city Where girls are so ---Abarim discussed Judah Need a new argument.Keep going. Keep going.  Lod it is, or was? Serpentine?
    • 6372 Piynchac pee-nekh-aws' apparently from 6310 and a variation of 5175; mouth of a serpent; Pinechas, the name of three Israelites:--Phinehas.
    • 8197 Shphuwpham shef-oo-fawm' or Shphuwphan {shef-oo-fawn'}; from the same as 8207; serpent-like; Shephupham or Shephuphan, an Israelite:-- Shephuphan, Shupham.
    • 8207 shphiyphon shef-ee-fone' from an unused root meaning the same as 7779; a kind of serpent (as snapping), probably the cerastes or horned adder:--adder.
    • 8314 saraph saw-rawf' from 8313; burning, i.e. (figuratively) poisonous (serpent); specifically, a saraph or symbolical creature (from their copper color):--fiery (serpent), seraph.
      • Is this the seraphim? Was the serpent a seraph? Is this the origin of the fallen angel idea, Satan??  Or did we add "evil" where there was none, in order to have someone to blame.
    • 8565 tan tan from an unused root probably meaning to elongate; a monster (as preternaturally formed), i.e. a sea-serpent (or other huge marine animal); also a jackal (or other hideous land animal):--dragon, whale. Compare 8577.
    • 8577 tanniyn tan-neen' or tanniym (Ezek. 29:3) {tan-neem'}; intensive from the same as 8565; a marine or land monster, i.e. sea-serpent or jackal:--dragon, sea-monster, serpent, whale.


    Go back to the original "evil" and see how this plays out. Evil by old texts is not either-or, as a Manichean view of evil as easily identifiable as this or that, as the blanket concept "evildoer" suggests. 

    IV.  What is Evil About Eden, the Serpent? Anything?

    A.  Evil, the real evil if we look at the texts, and at humana's experience when it is not being manipulated, is not a belief system, but an ambiguous, deniable methodology of the sly, the deceitful, the soothing of the other into doing what the soother wants.

    B.  9/11 is not,  as Slate would have it, Simply Evil: A decade after 9/11 it remains the best description best description and most essential fact about Al Quada, http://www.slate.com/id/2303013.

    Set the Serpent against 9/11. Which was evil, if either. Set criteria. Analyze the actions. Vet the Response. Who uses the idea of  "evil" to escape accountability. Analyze the doer and the act, and the facts known to the target; against the Gate-Keeper's dysfunction: Who had what facts. Governmental, Colonial Entitlement Mindset, Policy

    9/11 not "Evil" because it was so overt?
    Evil of 9/11 is in the negligence of the gate-keepers, who then hid their role.

    Update:  Agent Agrees.  There was Knowledge. Why not acted upon?

    C.  Look up language.  See the history. Go to http://www.etymonline.com/abbr.php
    Here is "evil" --
    Old English yfel, or the Kentish evel) It means "bad, vicious, ill, wicked," from Proto Germanic *ubilaz (is the asterisk for a variable prefix?). 

    Compare that to the Old Saxon ubil, or the Old Frisian or Middle Dutch evel, or the Dutch euvel, or the Old High German ubil, or the German übel, or the Gothic (faded by the 16th C). ubils. 

    It stems from the Proto Indo European (5500 years ago, see the Definitions) *upelo-, from the base *wap- (compare to the Hittite huwapp- "evil").

    The noun in Old English is yfel.  In Old English, as in all the other early Teutonic languages except Scandinavian, this word is the most comprehensive adjectival expression of disapproval, dislike or disparagement" [OED].

    Evil was the word the Anglo-Saxons used where we would use bad, cruel, unskillful, defective (adj.), or harm, crime, misfortune, disease.

    The meaning "extreme moral wickedness" was in O.E., but did not become the main sense until 18c. Related: Evilly. Evil eye (L. oculus malus) was O.E. eage yfel. Evilchild is attested as an English surname from 13c.14c.

    D.  So the concept of evil goes back thousands of years, of course. 

    But it remained descriptive of unfortunate turns of events, and does not become a moral matter until religious speakers interpose it.

    See Popes Clement and Urban in urging the Crusades and promising no consequence for killing evildoers, non-believers, who were keeping good Christians from their rightful place in the Holy Land. Dualism has always been effective in rallying emotions. Go, Bush and progeny.

    E.  Legality or illegality of murder, does not venture to ascribe moral culpability.  It finds, after evidence, legality or illegality according to defined elements

    1. of a crime, where the perpetrator is to be identified and, if found,  punished based upon evidence beyond a reasonable doubt;  or 

    2. of a civil negligence event where the actor who fails to meet a legal duty is identified, and if so found, money damages are ascribed to the victim to make the victim "whole" again.

    The soother malefactor. Nchshshshshshsh. Hear it? Been around ever since. Dear jhwh, as "men" the gender type have indeed made you, couldn't you have done better with your own borders? A little homework, perhaps?


    Ascribing "evil" to 9/11 is and always has been dysfunctional, prompting emotional and religious- subjective responses to the perceived moral breach. "Evil" has a limited place in assessing international, inter-religious, and otherwise multi-faceted cultural and power issues. Evil ascribes moral culpability, a localized theological issue dependent on a belief system, with no objective court available for its proof or disproof.  It means "bad."  Instead, use "legal" or illegal, negligent in breach of duty of some sort, to some degree, or not.

    Evil?  No.  That was not even in Eden. Eden's event was one of seduction, subtle manipulation by an expert who was enabled to sneak in.  Eve had no warning that in this Eden, there was evil as we now call it.  We still blame the victim.  The deity clearly could not control the borders then, just as we cannot now.  Follow that thought as we seek perfection in leaders.

    Next steps:

    Skip moralizing in international and in-nation relations with ourselves. So the Deity was negligent; the Serpent exploitive in the gap left by the Deity, and the woman unawares in the land that was supposed to be worthy of her trust.

    Use the rule of law.

    With existing national and international bodies of law determining legality or illegality, breach of duty (negligence) or none such, interposing one group's religious view instead, or distracting from the legal, prevents addressing the problem in a timely, effective way.

    We live not in a local, but a global reality. Snake or serpent?  Matters of cultural definition, so stay with the actions, not the labels.

    Bush?  Bush was ignorant; or Bush made a mistake: internationally and nationally. Either way, we may never recover. George Bush had the choice:
    • Make this a moral issue against his favorite disfavored group, evildoers, in which case (in religious terms) we can kill evildoers at will, as Clement said of the Crusades; you can kill non-believers; and once unleashed, the emotions take over; or
    • Make and contain this as a secular political issue even where the perpetrators had religious motives, perhaps. But the issue is a legal one, not locally morally referenced.


    Read scripture in transliteration.  That is what we have.  All else is added.  FN 1

    FN 1 
     FN 1  Further on meaning of NChSh and its close word-sounds


    There are allusions in the meaning of NChSh to a spell, a ringing (warning?), a magic, a prognostication, enchanter, divine, learn by experience, augury, the "snake" as determined by a hiss? But NChSh is not a hiss, but a soothing beginning, and a shushing.  There is the enchanter Nachshon (Israelite)

    *  Both Strong Numbers 5153 and 5175 refer to another number Strong's 5172.  What is that about a ringing? A serpent ringing?

    Find these meanings:  put them together in your mind for a picture of what happened as to meaning, if not linear events

    This one appears above.  5153 nachuwsh naw-khoosh' apparently passive participle of 5172 (perhaps in the sense of ringing, i.e. bell-metal; or from the red color of the throat of a serpent (5175, as denominative) when hissing); coppery, i.e. (figuratively) hard:--of brass.

    5172 nachash naw-khash' a primitive root; properly, to hiss, i.e. whisper a (magic) spell; generally, to prognosticate:--X certainly, divine, enchanter, (use) X enchantment, learn by experience, X indeed, diligently observe. Casting spells - Eve said something like that. At least, she was deceived.

    The whisper, the spell.

    The prognostication - see gnostic in there - the first gnostic was in Paradise itself? is gnosis the wisdom, the knowledge?  Word roots are wonderful.

    5173 nachash nakh'-ash from 5172; an incantation or augury:--enchantment.  Was Eve right:  she was enchanted.  How was she to defend against that?

    5175 nachash naw-khawsh' from 5172; a snake (from its hiss):--serpent. How do they get hiss out of nachash nawkhawsh??  Sounds soothing instead.  NnnnnnnnnChShshshshshshshshhsh. It's all right dear. Everything will be fine. Now if you would just .... Oh, yes, NnnnnnnnnChShhhhshshshsh....

    Sly, subtle, and fraudulent. So blame the victim. And did anyone tell Eve which tree? Only the androgyne Adm was told by the deity - after Adam and Eve were separated out from the Adm, did anyone at all show Eve where the tree was? Middle of the garden? What? With what GPS? Maybe Adam set her up - nose out of joint because she was to be the guide kngdv....

    5177 Nachshown nakh-shone' from 5172; enchanter; Nachshon, an Israelite:--Naashon, Nahshon. Looks like a homebody.
    ** And 5153 refers not only to 5172, the ringing or red throat, but also to 5175. Coppery, of brass. Just a color? What is that?
    Back to the Lexicon search.
    • Number 5175 - Click back on the Lexicon to the search page and type in the number 5175 this time. 
    Find these meanings: it's starting to repeat so we're on a good track.  We seem to find allusions not only to the ringing and color brassy, hissy, but to Nachash, now the name of two persons non-Israelite.  Is that saying that the deceiver is non-Israelite, a stranger? Ye gods, an immigrant? An alien? It also mentions a place in Palestine - non Israeli.  Ir-Nachash. Then Phineas comes back as the name of an Israelite. any significance to all these places?

    5153 nachuwsh naw-khoosh' apparently passive participle of 5172 (perhaps in the sense of ringing, i.e. bell-metal; or from the red color of the throat of a serpent (5175, as denominative) when hissing); coppery, i.e. (figuratively) hard:--of brass.

    5175 nachash naw-khawsh' from 5172; a snake (from its hiss):--serpent. [see 6372 here:  It says that 5172 is the mouth of a serpent)

    5176 Nachash naw-khawsh' the same as 5175; Nachash, the name of two persons apparently non-Israelite:--Nahash.

    5904 `Iyr Nachash eer naw-khawsh' from 5892 and 5175; city of a serpent; Ir-Nachash, a place in Palestine:--Ir-nahash. I find HaNahash looks like a street in Israel, at http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&tab=wl

    6372 Piynchac pee-nekh-aws' apparently from 6310 and a variation of 5175; mouth of a serpent; Pinechas, the name of three Israelites:--Phinehas.

    Mystery additional numbers showing up:  6310 shows these: http://www.eliyah.com/cgi-bin/strongs.cgi?file=hebrewlexicon&isindex=6310

    We seem to have allusions again to mouth, and to places, as mouth of the gorges in Egypt, or mouth of all, Philistine, mouth of a serpent, name of three Israelites. 

    6310 peh peh from 6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literal or figurative (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to:--accord(-ing as, -ing to), after, appointment, assent, collar, command(-ment), X eat, edge, end, entry, + file, hole, X in, mind, mouth, part, portion, X (should) say(-ing), sentence, skirt, sound, speech, X spoken, talk, tenor, X to, + two-edged, wish, word.
    6366 peyah pay-aw' or piyah {pee-yaw'}; feminine of 6310; an edge:-- (two-)edge(-d).
    6367 Pi ha-Chiyroth pee hah-khee-roth' from 6310 and the feminine plural of a noun (from the same root as 2356), with the article interpolated; mouth of the gorges; Pi-ha-Chiroth, a place in Egypt: --Pi-hahiroth. (In Numbers 14:19 without Pi-.)
    6369 Piykol pee-kole' apparently from 6310 and 3605; mouth of all; Picol, a Philistine:--Phichol.
    6372 Piynchac pee-nekh-aws' apparently from 6310 and a variation of 5175; mouth of a serpent; Pinechas, the name of three Israelites:--Phinehas.
    6433 pum poom (Aramaic) probably for 6310; the mouth (literally or figuratively):--mouth.

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